What was the main recommendation of the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee?
The committee submitted its report on 24 November 1957 and recommended the establishment of the scheme of ‘democratic decentralisation’ which finally came to be known as Panchayati Raj. The main aim of Panchayat raj system is to settle the local problems locally and to make the people politically conscious.
What is Balwant Rai Mehta Committee What are the recommendations of this committee in respect of Panchayati Raj?
Balwant Rai Mehta Committee & Panchayati Raj The committee suggested the establishment of a democratic decentralised local government which came to be known as the Panchayati Raj. Recommendations by the Committee: Three-tier Panchayati Raj system: Gram Panchayat, Panchayat Samiti and Zila Parishad.
In which year was Balwant Rai Mehta Committee appointed by the Government of India?
In 1957, the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee, appointed by the Indian government, was responsible to look into the Community Development Programme (2 October 1952) and the National Extension Service (2 October 1953). It was also required to suggest measures for their better working.
Who is the architect of Panchayati Raj system in India?
|Born||19 February 1899 Bhavnagar, Bhavnagar State, British India|
|Died||19 September 1965 (aged 66) Suthari, Abdasa Kutch, Gujarat, India|
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
What were the findings of the Ashok Mehta Committee?
Recommendations. The main recommendations of the committee were: The 3-tier system of Panchayati Raj should be replaced by the 2-tier system: Zilla Parishad at the district level, and below it, the Mandal Panchayat consisting of a group of villages covering a population of 15000 to 20000.
How many recommendations are in Balwant Rai Mehta Committee?
It submitted its report in August 1978 and made 132 recommendations to revive and strengthen the declining Panchayati raj system in the country.
Who is the father of Panchayati Raj system in India?
Balwant Rai Mehta
Balwant Rai Mehta was a parliamentarian when the committee was established. He is credited for pioneering the concept the Panchayati Raj in India and also known as Father of Panchayati Raj in India.
When was Ashok Mehta committee constituted?
Later on, Ashok Mehta Committee was constituted in 1977 and it also gave some suggestions with regard to three tier Panchayat system. Then GKV Rao and Singhvi Committee were formed and they also gave certain recommendations.
Why was the Ashok Mehta Committee constituted?
The main task assigned on the Ashok Mehta committee was “to enquire the working of Panchayati Raj Institutions and to suggest measures to strengthen them so as to enable decentralized planning and development to be effective”. The report of the committee was submitted in August 1978.
What are the three tier system of Panchayati Raj institution?
The Panchayat system covers the village level (Gram Panchayat), clusters of villages (block Panchayat) and the district level (District Panchayat). Panchayati Raj is a form of government at the village level where each village is responsible for its own activities.
Why was Ashok Mehta committee constituted?
What did the Ashok Mehta Committee?
In December 1977, the Janata Government appointed a committee on Panchayati Raj institutions under the chairmanship of Ashoka Mehta. The committee submitted its report in August 1978 and made 132 recommendations to revive and strengthen the declining Panchayati Raj system in the country.
Why was Ashok Mehta Committee constituted?
Why was Ashok Mehta Committee established?
On which panchayat did the Ashok Mehta Committee Greater emphasis?
The Ashok Mehta Committee laid greater emphasis on Mandal Panchayat.
What is the basis of Panchayati Raj system?
Mahatma Gandhi advocated Panchayati Raj as the foundation of India’s political system, as a decentralized form of government in which each village would be responsible for its own affairs. The term for such a vision was Gram Swaraj (“village self-governance”).
What is the Balwant Rai Mehta Committee?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was a committee originally appointed by the Government of India on 16 January 1957 to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (2 October 1952) and the National Extension Service (2 October 1953) and to suggest measures for their better working.
What are the specific recommendations of the Panchayati Raj Committee?
The specific recommendations of the committee are: Establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system – Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and Zilla Parishad at the district level. These tiers should be organically linked through a device of indirect elections.
Who presides over the panchayat samiti meetings?
The president of the Panchayat Samiti is the chairman, who is elected by an electoral college consisting of all members of the panchayat samiti and all the panchas of the Gram Panchayat falling within the areas. Besides the chairman, the vice-chairman is also elected. The chairman convenes and presides over the Panchayat Samiti Meetings.
How many committees of panchayat are there in Tamil Nadu?
For example, Andhra Pradesh provides for four committees of village panchayats, Gujarat and Karnataka three obligatory committees, Madhya Pradesh seven committees, Rajasthan one committee and UP provides for four committees. In Tamilnadu there is no provision for the formation of committees of the panchayats.