What is Democratisation process?
Democratization, or democratisation, is the transition to a more democratic political regime, including substantive political changes moving in a democratic direction.
Who coined the term democracy?
The term democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity.
What is democracy and its origin?
The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule.
What are the elements of democratization?
He describes democracy as a system of government with four key elements: i) A system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections; ii) Active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life; iii) Protection of the human rights of all citizens; and iv) A rule of law in …
What is the meaning of egoism?
ego·ism | \\ˈē-gə-ˌwi-zəm, -gō-ˌi- also ˈe-\\. 1a : a doctrine that individual self-interest is the actual motive of all conscious action. b : a doctrine that individual self-interest is the valid end of all actions.
What is a weak version of psychological egoism?
A weak version of psychological egoism accepts the possibility of altruistic or benevolent behavior, but maintains that, whenever a choice is made by an agent to act, the action is by definition one that the agent wants to do at that point. The action is self-serving, and is therefore sufficiently explained by the theory of psychological egoism.
What is the meaning of democracy in Greek?
Democracy, literally, rule by the people. The term is derived from the Greek dēmokratia, which was coined from dēmos (“people”) and kratos (“rule”) in the middle of the 5th century bce to denote the political systems then existing in some Greek city-states, notably Athens. Questions and answers about democracy.
What is normative egoism?
Normative egoism, however, engages in a philosophically more intriguing dialogue with protractors. Normative egoists argue from various positions that an individual ought to pursue his or her own interest.