What is cross-cultural adaptation theory?
Cross-cultural adaptation refers to the process of internal change in individuals so as to be able to function in an unfamiliar culture. Newcomers learn to make adjustments in their original cultural habits and are able to attain a level of efficacy in the new environment.
Who proposed the cross-cultural adaptation theory?
Young Yun Kim
ntegrative communication theory is a theory of cross-cultural adaptation proposed by Young Yun Kim. The first widely published version of Kim’s theory is found in the last three chapters of a textbook authored by William Gudykunst with Young Yun Kim as second author.
What is an example of cultural adaptation?
Some examples of cultural adaptation include: learning greetings of the new culture, learning language and phrases of the new culture, learning dress codes for the new culture, and learning how to access goods and services in the new culture.
How adaptation is supported by communication theory?
Abstract. The integrative communication theory of cross-cultural adaptation provides two models to explain how and why people, on relocating from a familiar home culture to a new culture, are changed by continuous experiences of interacting with the host environment.
What is Kim’s theory?
Kim’s theory postulates a zero-sum process whereby assimilation or “adaptation” occurs only to the extent that the newcomer lose the characteristics of their original cultural identity, such as language, customs, beliefs and values.
Why cross-cultural adaptation is important?
The cross-cultural adaptation process is important when an instrument is used in a different language, setting and time to reduce the risk of introducing bias into a study . In addition attitudes cannot be measured directly .
What are the theories of cross cultural psychology?
Types of Cross-Cultural Psychology The etic approach studies culture through an “outsider” perspective, applying one “universal” set of concepts and measurements to all cultures. The emic approach studies culture using an “insider” perspective, analyzing concepts within the specific context of the observed culture.
What are the stages of cultural adaptation?
Stages of cultural adaptation
- Honeymoon phase. Excitement and fascination with the new culture.
- Crisis period (culture shock). This is where excitement turns to disappointment and there are more and more differences that occur.
- Adjustment phase.
- Acceptance and Adaptation phase.
- Reentry shock.
What is adaptation theory?
Adaptation theory, also known as survival theory or survival of the fittest, is an organism’s ability to adapt to changes in its environment and adjust accordingly over time.
What are the examples of cross-cultural psychology?
Cross-cultural psychology touches on a wide range of topics, so students interested in other psychology topics may choose to also focus on this area of psychology. For example, a child psychologist might study how child-rearing practices in different cultures impact development.
Who is the father of cross-cultural psychology?
Triandis (1926 -2019). Harry Charalambos Triandis, universally acknowledged as the father of cross-cultural social psychology as well as a leader of industrial/organizational and attitude research, passed away at his retirement home in Carlsbad, California, on June 1, 2019, in his 93rd year.
What is the purpose of cultural adaptation?
Cultural adaptation is a process in which any company that markets their services to more than one language or culture group must be fluent to obtain success considering the current state of the global economy. It involves research, strategy, and consulting to adapt your message to the culture of the audience.
What is Kim’s theory of cross-cultural adaptation?
This page describes an integrative theory of cross-cultural adaptation proposed by Young Yun Kim (1988, 2001, 2005). The theory highlights the centrality of an individual’s communication activities in the process of becoming more functionally fit in a new cultural environment.
What are the two central questions of Young Yun Kim’s theory?
Young Yun Kim’s cross-cultural adaptation theory is underpinned by two central questions: (1) How does the cross-cultural adaptation process unfold over time? and (2) Why does the rate or speed of the cross-cultural adaptation process vary across individual cases?
What is the integrative theory of cross-cultural adaptation?
Young Yun Kim’s Integrative Theory of Cross-Cultural Adaptation explains the transformation process that all human beings experience as they move into a new and culturally unfamiliar environment.
What is Kim’s intercultural identity theory?
Kim’s theory argues that out of this transformation emerges an ‘‘intercultural identity,’’ that is less rigidly bound by group identities. Kim’s research applies to individuals that enter a new culture for varying lengths of time, and to include migrant workers, diplomats, and ex-patriots alike (Kim, 1988, 2001, 2005).