What is malaria surveillance?
Malaria surveillance is the continuous and systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of malaria-related data, and the use of that data in the planning, implementation and evaluation of public health practice.
What are the 4 major disease vectors?
- Malaria (protozoan): Anopheles species of mosquito.
- Lymphatic filariasis (nematode worm): Culex, Anopheles, Aedes species of mosquito.
- Dengue (virus): Aedes species of mosquito.
- Leishmaniasis (protozoan): mainly Phlebotomus species of sandfly.
How is Aber calculated?
ABER – Annual Blood Examination Rate. Calculated as (number of slides examined/population) x 100.
What is vector-borne diseases with example?
Vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.
What is the meaning of active surveillance?
Listen to pronunciation. (AK-tiv ser-VAY-lents) A treatment plan that involves closely watching a patient’s condition but not giving any treatment unless there are changes in test results that show the condition is getting worse.
What is passive surveillance?
Passive surveillance: a system by which a health jurisdiction receives reports submitted from hospitals, clinics, public health units, or other sources. Passive surveillance is a relatively inexpensive strategy to cover large areas, and it provides critical information for monitoring a community’s health.
What are the top 9 disease vectors?
WHO works together with many different government sectors to improve water storage, sanitation, thereby helping to control these diseases at the community level.
- Dengue and severe dengue.
- Yellow fever.
- Zika virus.
- Japanese encephalitis.
- Lymphatic filariasis.
What are the types of vector?
Types of Vectors List
- Zero Vector.
- Unit Vector.
- Position Vector.
- Co-initial Vector.
- Like and Unlike Vectors.
- Co-planar Vector.
- Collinear Vector.
- Equal Vector.
What is slide positivity rate?
The slide positivity rate (SPR), defined as the number of laboratory-confirmed malaria cases per 100 suspected cases examined, provides an alternative method for estimating temporal changes in malaria incidence.
What are the malarial indicators?
The main levels of indicators for malaria programs are global, national, subnational, district, and health facility levels. Indicators at different levels are used for distinct purposes.
What are 3 examples of vectors of disease?
List of vector-borne diseases, according to their vector
|Mosquito||Anopheles||Lymphatic filariasis Malaria|
|Culex||Japanese encephalitis Lymphatic filariasis West Nile fever|
|Aquatic snails||Schistosomiasis (bilharziasis)|
|Blackflies||Onchocerciasis (river blindness)|