What is lindane used to treat?
Lindane , formerly known as gamma benzene hexachloride, is an insecticide and is used to treat scabies and lice infestations. Lindane cream and lotion are usually used to treat only scabies infestation. Lindane shampoo is used to treat only lice infestations. Lindane is available only with your doctor’s prescription.
Why is lindane no longer recommended?
Lindane carries a boxed warning for neurotoxicity and possible seizures and has been banned in California since 2002. Additionally, 52 countries have banned the use of lindane. As a result, it is not recommended for the treatment of head lice or scabies.
Is lindane banned in the US?
A highly toxic pesticide that is one of the last such holdouts from the 1950s is being banned in the United States after a lengthy review by the Environmental Protection Agency.
What is the common concern of side effects when using lindane?
Common side effects of Lindane lotion include: stinging, burning, redness, itching, or dryness of the skin, or. skin rash, dizziness, or.
Can you still buy lindane?
Currently, lindane may only be sold in the United States for use as a second-line treatment for head lice and scabies.
Is lindane toxic?
Exposure to lindane may occur from eating contaminated food or by breathing air contaminated during formulation or use. Lindane is quite toxic to humans. The acute (short-term) effects of lindane through inhalation exposure in humans consist of irritation of the nose and throat and effects on the blood.
What does lindane smell like?
Lindane is the gamma-isomer of benzene hexachloride, a colorless to white colored, synthetic, crystalline solid with a slight musty odor that emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition.
What is the brand name for lindane?
Drug Name : Lindane. Lindane(Benzene hexachloride) generic is a scabicide, prescribed for infestations of scabies. It kills the scabies mites and their eggs.
What is another name for lindane?
Lindane , formerly known as gamma benzene hexachloride, is an insecticide and is used to treat scabies and lice infestations.
Is lindane a neurotoxin?
However, lindane has several serious neurotoxic effects, ranging from dizziness, headaches and paresthesia, to seizures and even death.
Which is better lindane or permethrin?
Permethrin provided improvement in 48 patients (80%) after 2 weeks, whereas lindane was effective in only 28 patients (46.6%). Permethrin (5%) cream was found to be significantly more effective in the treatment of scabies compared with lindane in this study.
Which known medical condition is contraindicated with the use of lindane?
Lindane Lotion is also contraindicated for patients with crusted (Norwegian) scabies and other skin conditions (e.g., atopic dermatitis, psoriasis) that may increase systemic absorption of the drug.
What class of drug is lindane?
Lindane is in a class of medications called scabicides and pediculicides. It works by killing lice and mites. Lindane does not stop you from getting scabies or lice. You should only use lindane if you already have these conditions, not if you are afraid that you may get them.
What is lindane cream used for?
Lindane , formerly known as gamma benzene hexachloride, is an insecticide and is used to treat scabies and lice infestations. Lindane cream and lotion are usually used to treat only scabies infestation. Lindane shampoo is used to treat only lice infestations. Lindane is available only with your doctor’s prescription. Lindane is poisonous.
How is lindane treated?
Modern manufacturing standards for lindane involve the treatment and conversion of waste isomers to less toxic molecules, a process known as “cracking”. When lindane is used in agriculture, an estimated 12–30% of it volatilizes into the atmosphere, where it is subject to long-range transport and can be deposited by rainfall.
What is lindane used for in agriculture?
Subsequently lindane has been used to treat food crops and forestry products, as a seed or soil treatment, and to treat livestock and pets. It has also been used as pharmaceutical treatment for lice and scabies, formulated as a shampoo or lotion.