What concept is hypothyroidism?
Overview. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition in which your thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of certain crucial hormones. Hypothyroidism may not cause noticeable symptoms in the early stages.
What is a cretinism definition?
Acretin, from the French chrétien (Christian), is defined in Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary (1) as “one who is human despite deformities”. The medical definition of cretinism is untreated congenital hypothyroidism, with or without a goiter.
What are some differential diagnosis for hypothyroidism?
Owing to the subtle signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism, the list of differential diagnoses is extensive. Differential diagnosis is based on signs and symptoms; for instance, fatigue can point to iron deficiency anemia, sleep apnea, depression, and rheumatological diseases.
What is another name for hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism (also called underactive thyroid, low thyroid or hypothyreosis) is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
What is the difference between hypothyroidism and cretinism?
Cretinism is a disease caused by hypothyroidism. Iodine deficiency in diet during pregnancy is the major cause of cretinism. Hypothyroidism leads to impaired development of the growing fetus and leads to mental retardation and stunted growth.
What is cretinism and myxedema?
Cretinism is hypothyroidism in children. Failure of thyroid secretion causes retardation of growth of all forms (physical, mental and sexual) in young ones. Cretinism occurs from the deficiency of thyroid hormone. Myxoedema: On the other hand, myxedema is caused in adults due to the deficiency of thyroid hormones.
What is the most common cause of hypothyroidism?
Hashimoto’s disease, an autoimmune disorder, is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. With this disease, your immune system attacks the thyroid. The thyroid becomes inflamed and can’t make enough thyroid hormones.
What are the two major categories of hypothyroidism?
There are three types of hypothyroidism: primary, secondary, and tertiary. In primary hypothyroidism, your thyroid is being stimulated properly. However, it isn’t able to produce enough thyroid hormones for your body to function properly.
What are the two types of hypothyroidism?
There are two types of hypothyroidism found at birth.
- Transient hypothyroidism: Abnormal thyroid hormone levels at birth caused by exposure to thyroid medication from the mother or by mother’s antibodies.
- Congenital hypothyroidism: Present at birth and found through newborn screening.
What causes Myxoedema?
Myxedema is a result of undiagnosed or untreated severe hypothyroidism. It can also develop when someone stops taking their thyroid medication. It’s more common in the elderly and women. Deposits of chains of sugar molecules in the skin cause the skin condition myxedema.
Why does hypothyroidism cause mental retardation?
Consequently, iodine deficiency, if severe enough to affect thyroid hormone synthesis during this critical period, will result in hypothyroidism and brain damage. The clinical consequence will be mental retardation.
Why is it called myxedema?
Myxedema can also occur in Hashimoto thyroiditis and other long-standing forms of hypothyroidism. The word myxedema originates from μύξᾰ, taken from ancient Greek to convey ‘mucus’ or ‘slimy substance’, and οἴδημα for “swelling”. It can also be thought as nonpitting edema, in contrast to pitting edema.
Is Myxoedema the same as hypothyroidism?
Myxedema is another term for severely advanced hypothyroidism. It’s a condition that occurs when your body doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone. The thyroid is a small gland that sits right at the front of your neck.
What is capitalism?
Capital is wealth—that is, money and goods—that’s used to produce more wealth. Capitalism is practiced enthusiastically by capitalists, people who use capital to increase production and make more goods and money. Capitalism works by encouraging competition in a fair and open market. Its opposite is often said to be socialism.
What is the meaning of hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism#N#(Underactive) Hypothyroidism. (Underactive) Hypothyroidism is an underactive thyroid gland. Hypothyroidism means that the thyroid gland can’t make enough thyroid hormone to keep the body running normally. People are hypothyroid if they have too little thyroid hormone in the blood. Common causes are autoimmune disease, such as
What are the causes of hypothyroidism?
Hypothyroidism. Worldwide, too little iodine in the diet is the most common cause of hypothyroidism. In countries with enough iodine in the diet, the most common cause of hypothyroidism is the autoimmune condition Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Less common causes include: previous treatment with radioactive iodine,…
What is the difference between primary and central hypothyroidism?
Primary hypothyroidism is about a thousandfold more common than central hypothyroidism. Iodine deficiency is the most common cause of primary hypothyroidism and endemic goiter worldwide.